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César de Saussure: Letters from London, 1725-1730 Notes

The Royal Family
The age given is the age of the person in 1727.

King George I : 65 (1660-1727)
King of England etc (r1714-1727)

King George II : 42 (1683-1760)
King of England etc (r1727-1760) He was the Prince of Wales until the death of his father, George I, in 1727.

‘I see the King of England as a man who has a beautiful wife, a hundred servants, fine carriages and a good table; he is thought to be happy. But that is all on the outside. When everyone has retired and the door is closed, surely he quarrels with his wife and servants and swears at his butler; he is no longer so happy.’ (Montesquieu).

Princess (later Queen) Caroline : 42 (1683-1737)
She was the Princess of Wales until the death of George I in 1727.

Children of George II

Prince Frederick Lewis : 18 (1707-1751), Prince of Wales and of Brunswick Luneburg, Duke of Edinburgh, Marquis of the Isle of Ely, Earl of Eltham in the County of Kent, Viscount of Launceston in the County of Cornwall, and Baron of Snaudon in the County of Caernarvon, eldest son of his most sacred Majesty King George II.

Princess Anne : 16 (1709-1759)

Princess Amelia Sophia : 14 (1711-1786)

Princess Caroline Elizabeth : 12 (1713-1757)

Prince William Augustus : 4 (1721-1765),
Duke of Cumberland, Marquis of Berkhamstead in the County of Stafford, Earl of Kenington in Surrey, Viscount of Trematon in the County of Cornwall, Baron of the Isle of Alderney, and Knight of the most Honourable Order of the Bath, second son to his most sacred Majesty. From a description of the funeral of George II in 1760 : ‘When we came to the chapel of Henry the Seventh, all solemnity and decorum ceased - no order was observed, people set or stood where they could or would, the yeomen of the guard were crying out for help, oppressed by the immense weight of the coffin, the Bishop read sadly, and blundered in the prayers, the fine chapter, Man that is born of a woman, was chanted, not read, and the anthem, besides being unmeasurably tedious, would have served as well for a nuptial. The real serious part was the figure of the Duke of Cumberland, heightened by a thousand melancholy circumstances. He had a dark brown adonis (wig), and a cloak of black cloth, with a train of five yards. Attending the funeral of a father, how little reason so ever he had to love him, could not be pleasant. His leg extremely bad, yet forced to stand upon it near two hours, his face bloated and distorted with his late paralytic stroke, which has affected, too, one of his eyes, and placed over the mouth of the vault, into which, in all probability, he must himself so soon descend - think how unpleasant a situation! He bore it all with a firm and unaffected countenance.’ (Walpole : iv, 455)

Princess Mary : 2 (1723-1772)

Princess Louisa : 1 (1724-1751)

Ernest Augustus, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburgh, Bishop of Osnaburgh, Duke of York and Albany, and Earl of Ulster in Ireland.

Other Royalty

The Pretender
James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766) was the legitimate son of James II by Mary of Modena, and was, from the death of his father in 1701, the rival claimant to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland, occupied by George I, George II and George III. He led attempted insurrections against the reigning monarchs in 1708 and 1715, and his son, Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) was the leader of a further insurrection in 1745. He would probably have been crowned king in 1714 had he not insisted on maintaining his Catholic faith.

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